The main objective of the course is to analyse the policies which the major European States (United Kingdom, France, Soviet Union/Russian Federation, Germany, Italy, Spain, Greece etc) followed towards the Mediterranean area. The course explores the political and economic factors which played an important role in the formulation of their Mediterranean policy from the end of the Second World War . Three level of analysis will be examined: The systemic level: To what extent the evolution of the international system influenced the European powers policies towards the Mediterranean. The regional level : Which was the role of the regional developments in the formulation of their policies and the domestic level/ decision making system. The course also will examine the policies which the European states adopted in some crucial issues, like the Arab – Israeli dispute, the Arab Spring, the economic development of the Arab states, the migration problem, energy security problems in the Mediterranean, protection of the environment, the threat of Islamic terrorism.



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