The end of the Cold War brought about rapid changes in the geopolitical landscape of Southeastern Europe with the emergence of new States, the enlargement of NATO, the EU accession process as well as the remaining political divisions. The course “International Relations in Southeastern Europe and the Mediterranean “, focuses on the post-cold war geopolitical changes in Southeastern Europe, including ethnic conflicts, the process of establishing a State, as well as the policies of major international players such as the EU, UN, OSCE, NATO, the US and Russia. The course examines in detail the role of the EU in Southeaster Europe, the European potential of the Western Balkans and in particular of FYROM. The analysis presented in the course will also supplementary include the developments in the Mediterranean region as well as the discussions on the energy networks.