Since the early 20th century the Islamic religion has adopted a clear political character, which has become the main element of the Muslim world identity, and aims at the emancipation of the Muslim world from western manipulation. At the end of the 1960s Islam’s political dimension becomes more evident, given that the Islamic religion is used as a counterweight to the socialist –marxist ideologies prevailing at the Third World.

Although the terrorist attacks of September 11 2001 against United States alienate the very nature of political Islam which from now on serves as a political basis for the action of terrorist groups, the collapse of Syria and Libya after the 2011 revolts turn this alienated Islam in one of the most serious asymmetrical threats both in regional and international level.

This course aims to clarify the distinction between Islam as a religion and Islam as a political ideology as well as to underline the gap between the political Islam and Islamic terrorism on one hand and on the other to demonstrate the use of political Islam as a means of political struggle for the conquest and exercise of political power.

 

Indicative bibliography

Vatikiotis P. Islam & State, Papazisis Publications, Athens., 2000

Halazias Ch. The political Islam. Sideris Publications, Athens, 2008

Murden S. Islam, the Middle East and the New Global Hegemony. Lynne Rienner Publishers, London, 2002

Joffe G. (ed.) Islamist Radicalisation in North Africa. Politics and Process, Routledge 2012

Hafez M. , Why Muslims Rebel: Repression and Resistance in the Islamic World, Lynne Rienner Publishers 2004